The Differences Between the Two Skulls
That made me think that this was worthy of investigating
1. There is a dip along the sagittal suture down the center of the Starchild skull, but it is not due to abnormal fusion of the sagittal suture.
CT scans have been done that show this, but we have not been unable to get a radiologist to give us a report or the films that confirm this.
2. The sides of the Starchild are expanded symmetrically.
You can see the difference here, some experts explain it as hydrocephaly.
3. In the normal human skull you can clearly see the lacunae. (holes in the bone where new bone cells come from). The Starchild has virtually none of these.
Note: human skull on the left and Starchild on the right.
Both Skulls were shallaced and glued to boards none the less I had not seen this before
4. The Starchild has no frontal sinuses.
On the left is human skull note the cauliflower structure above the nose. On the right is the Starchild with no such structure noted.
Approximately 1-5% of the population doesn't technically have frontal sinuses; however, they do have some sign that the sinuses just failed to form normally.
5. The ear of the Starchild is set much lower on the skull than that of the human skull.
6. The inner ear of the Starchild is twice as large as that of a normal human.
7. The Starchild's auditory part of the brain is considerably larger than that of a normal human brain.
Some experts explained that this could be due to decay.
8. The Starchild's eyes are set lower on the face and the foramen (hole) for the nerves and blood vessels is set lower and closer to the nose.
On the left is the human skull. On the right is the Starchild skull. The difference may be explained if the Starchild skull is a child.
9. The Starchild's eye socket is 1/2-inch deep while the human skull is 2 inches deep.
Since some bones of the Starchild's eye socket are broken off, the difference may not be as large after a forensic reconstruction procedure is completed.
10. The lower face of the Starchild is lower and smaller than that of a normal human.
While most of the face is missing, this needs to be confirmed with bone reconstruction done by a forensic reconstruction artist with a detailed report on how the dimensions where established.
11. With the remaining part of the maxilla and teeth (that were found in the box along with the skulls) we see two teeth exposed. In the X-ray we see four more teeth above those two and one more tooth above the four. This means there are 3 rows of teeth. I am not an expert in detistry.
There is a controversy over the exact age of Starchild skull. Bold Lab stated it is 5 years old, while another expert said it was 12 years old due to wear pattern on the teeth as if it had been eating the same type of food as the human skull.
12. The zygomatic arch (cheek bone) of the Starchild is much smaller than the human skull.
If the Starchild is a child, then this may be normal.
13. The Starchild has much smaller chewing muscles-approximately 1/2 the size of a normal adult skull.
We do have these CT scans, but I don't know where they were done. Nor do I have any report from a radiologist for these CT scans.
If the Starchild is a child, this may be normal.
14. All humans have a prominent bump on the back of the head called the external occipital protuberence (inion). This is where some of the neck muscles attach. These muscles hold the head up. The Starchild's inion has migrated down due to the flattening and widening of the occiput.
On the left is the human skull and on the right is the Starchild skull. The arrows point to where the inion should be on each skull. On the Starchild it is actually where the white circles meet.
This was confirmed at the Osteology Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
15. There is no internal occipital protuberence on the inside of the Starchild skull. So there is nothing holding the brain inside the cranium.
If this was a deformed child, maybe it didn't move much; therefore, it might not have needed large muscles. This could also explain the widening of the occipital region.
16. The Starchild's brain capacity is 1600 cc. The human skull's brain capacity is 1200 cc while that of a normal adult skull is 1400cc.
Dr. Aaron Judkins (anthropologist) stated that the volume of the skull was determined to be 1,640 cubic centimeters, which is well above normal human cranial capacities which average from 1,199 cubic centimeters to 1,420 cubic centimeters. This anomalous measurement is a significant mystery!
(This is just what Lloyd Pye always said.)
17. The human skull is balanced behind the center point while the Starchild"s skull is balanced in the center of the skull.
How? Remember the Starchild has no sinuses, making the brain heavier, so it has to balance in the middle of the skull. Human skulls have sinuses in the forehead and under the eyes making the skull lighter so it can balance further back on the spinal column.
18. The back of the Starchild in expanded and flattened (not as the result of cradle boarding). If it had been cradle-boarded, the skull would be flat like the human skull found with it. The Starchild's skull isn't completely flat. It wobbles when placed on its back.
Note: The human skull is flat at the back of the head. The flatness stops at the external occipital protuburence. This happens when the baby is placed on a cradle board to allow the mother to continue to work while carrying the baby on her back.
The Starchild's skull looks flat but in reality it isn't. When it is placed on a flat surface, the skull wobbles.
So the cause can't be cradle-boarding.
See Dr. Aaron Judkins's report. He agrees with Lloyd Pye that this IS NOT a cradle-boarded hydrocephalic skull.
19. The bone of the human skull is 1.25 inches thick while the Starchild is 0.7 inches thick.
After meeting with the experts at the Osteology Museum, we found that a normal child,s skull is 0.5 inches. This means the Starchild is thinner than an adult skull, yet thicker than a child's skull. This begs the question-why?
20. To cut the bone of the Starchild, it required a diamond-bit dremel blade and the human skull required a normal dremel blade. When cutting the Starchild skull, there was a horrific smell that was like nothing I have ever smelled before.
Now we have a conflict. Dr. Aaron Judkins (anthropologist) examined the skull and concluded the the Starchild DOES NOT have an inion (this is just what Lloyd said all along).
Now what to do.............
Dr. Judkins found the specimen to be extremely unusual because of the significant “ballooning” of the cranium. The thickness of the skull bone measured at 3.10 mm, which is well within normal limits, as demonstrated by the osteologists at The Museum of Osteology when they compared the skull to eight typical human skull specimens ranging in age from 5-7 years.
My first thougts. Questions I had and things I have learned after we went to Crosbyton TX. Things I learned from Dr. Judkins.